The torrefaction process results in bio coal with optimum qualities, including a high energy density, ease of grinding and a good storage lifespan with water-repellent qualities. The obvious application for this bio coal is in incinerators, however it can also be utilised in powder coal fired power plants. This technology can play an important function in these installations becoming greener and more sustainable. Apart from using bio coal as an energy neutral and sustainable fuel, on principle more applications are possible, given its particularly carbon rich content. One example, currently still being investigated, is the agricultural use of ‘bio-char’ (for improving soil structure and for CO2 fixation). Bio coal may also be used as a future raw material for industries utilising carbon.